Four different models describing a Māori view of health have emerged through hui and consultation processes over past decades.
All the models of health have been developed within the context of contemporary Māori life, but they have drawn upon traditional Māori values, concepts and practices.
Te Whare Tapa Whā and Te Wheke Māori health models
The Te Whare Tapa Whā model was developed by Mason Durie in consultation with Māori at a number of hui in the early 1980s and was endorsed as a broad view of health for Māori at the Hui Whakaoranga in 1984. The Te Wheke model was developed by Dr Rangimarie Turuki Pere and was first presented at the same Hui Whakaoranga in 1984. The Te Wheke model and Te Whare Tapa Whā models complement each other.
Ngā Pou Mana health model
This model was developed as a part of the proceedings of the Royal Commission on Social Policy in the late 1980s. For a group of people to be healthy they are dependent on the appropriate policies being in place and these policies must recognise the importance of extended family, cultural heritage, physical environment and source of identity. Ngā Pou Mana aims to develop tomorrow’s Māori health leaders today and contribute to whanau wellbeing and is the national Māori organisation supporting Māori allied health professionals.
Te Puni Kōkiri health model
This model builds on the previous 3 models and looks towards the future. For Māori to be healthy they need they need a sense of identity, self-esteem, control over their destiny, a voice that is heard, knowledge of te reo Māori and tīkanga, and economic and whanau security. Te Puni Kōkiri is the Ministry of Māori Development and it works within the public sector, and with Māori communities, to support Māori collective success at home in New Zealand and globally. It was established in 1992 to promote Māori development and to give advice on policy affecting Māori wellbeing.
Public Health Report Number 3 (1997) Mental Health in New Zealand from a Public Health Perspective. Ellis, P. & Collings, S. (Ed) Ministry of Health, NZ.
Associate Professor Jo Baxter is a public health medicine physician with roles in the Dunedin School of Medicine and the Division of Health Sciences. Her research interests include Māori mental health, Māori child and youth health, health inequalities and Māori health workforce development.
Prof Baxter aims to undertake evidence-based research that can be used to inform policies, programmes and services aimed at reducing inequalities and supporting Māori health development. To this end she is involved in collaborations with several organisations and serves on a number of committees that have input into national health policies.
The other key aspect of Prof Baxter’s work is as the Associate Dean Māori for the Division of Health Sciences where she supports strategic Māori development across the Division including Māori health workforce development.
This display was created by Aimee Fisher, Chris Wither and Christy Ballard of the University of Otago Health Sciences Library, to celebrate Te Wiki O Te Maori, 2014.